Spirillosis is an infrequent bacterial infection caused by spirochetes, specifically Spirillum minus. This bacterium typically enters the body through broken skin or mucous membranes and can cause an array of clinical manifestations, often described as Sodoku.
Clinical Presentation: Spirillosis symptoms can range from mild to severe. They often include fever, chills, muscle pain, headache, and the formation of a rash. Some cases lead to more complicated and systemic presentations.
Transmission: Spirillosis is primarily transmitted through contact with contaminated material or the bite of an infected rodent. Individuals in close proximity to rodents are at higher risk.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis can be challenging as symptoms can resemble those of other infections. Blood cultures and clinical history, including exposure to rodents, are vital for correct diagnosis.
Treatment: Antibiotics, including penicillin and tetracycline, are the mainstay of treatment for Spirillosis. Early intervention is essential to prevent the progression of the disease.